How to Make Hand Sanitizer: A Simple Guide for Effective Protection


In recent times, the importance of hand hygiene has been highlighted like never before. With the world grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic, maintaining clean hands has become essential to prevent the spread of infections. Hand sanitizers have emerged as a popular and convenient option for disinfection on the go. In this article, we will guide you on how to make hand sanitizer at home using simple ingredients, ensuring you have a reliable and effective solution for hand hygiene.

Understanding Hand Sanitizers

Before we delve into the process of making hand sanitizer, let’s first understand what it is and how it works. Hand sanitizer is a gel, liquid, or foam-based product that kills germs and harmful microorganisms on the hands when applied. The key ingredient responsible for its effectiveness is alcohol. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers, particularly those with at least 60% alcohol content, are recommended by health authorities for maximum efficacy.

Why Make Hand Sanitizer at Home?

While commercial hand sanitizers are readily available in the market, there are several reasons why you might want to make your own hand sanitizer:

1. Control over Ingredients

By making hand sanitizer at home, you have complete control over the ingredients used. You can avoid harsh chemicals and include natural ingredients if desired.

2. Availability

During certain situations, like a pandemic or emergency, hand sanitizers may be in short supply. Knowing how to make your own ensures you have a backup plan.

3. Cost-Effectiveness

Commercial hand sanitizers can be expensive, especially during times of increased demand. Homemade sanitizers are cost-effective and budget-friendly.

Creating Your Own Hand Sanitizer

1. Gather the Ingredients

To make an effective hand sanitizer, you’ll need the following ingredients:

  • Isopropyl alcohol (99% or 91%)
  • Aloe vera gel (100% pure)
  • Essential oil (e.g., tea tree, lavender) for fragrance (optional)
  • Vitamin E oil (optional)

2. Equipment Required

Prepare the following equipment:

  • Mixing bowl
  • Spoon
  • Funnel
  • Empty squeeze bottles or spray bottles for storage

3. Mixing the Ingredients

Follow these steps to create your hand sanitizer:

Step 1: Measure the Ingredients

Measure 2/3 cup of isopropyl alcohol and pour it into the mixing bowl.

Step 2: Add Aloe Vera Gel

Add 1/3 cup of aloe vera gel to the alcohol in the bowl. Aloe vera gel helps moisturize the hands and prevents the alcohol from drying out the skin.

Step 3: Optional Ingredients

If desired, add a few drops of essential oil for a pleasant fragrance and a few drops of vitamin E oil to keep the skin nourished.

Step 4: Mix Thoroughly

Using the spoon, mix all the ingredients thoroughly until they are well combined.

4. Transferring the Hand Sanitizer

Using a funnel, carefully pour the prepared hand sanitizer into empty squeeze bottles or spray bottles for easy dispensing.

How to Use Hand Sanitizer Properly

To ensure maximum effectiveness, it is crucial to use hand sanitizer correctly:

  1. Apply a dime-sized amount of sanitizer on your palm.
  2. Rub your hands together, covering all surfaces, including the back of your hands and fingers.
  3. Continue rubbing for at least 20 seconds until the sanitizer dries.


With the ongoing emphasis on hand hygiene, learning how to make hand sanitizer at home can be a valuable skill. By creating your own hand sanitizer, you not only have control over the ingredients but also ensure the availability of this essential product during critical times. Remember to use hand sanitizer responsibly and in conjunction with regular handwashing for optimal protection.


1. Is it necessary to add essential oil to the hand sanitizer? Adding essential oil is optional; it provides a pleasant fragrance but does not affect the sanitizer’s effectiveness.

2. Can I use a lower concentration of alcohol for the hand sanitizer? A minimum of 60% alcohol content is recommended for effective sanitization. Using a lower concentration may reduce its efficacy.

3. Can children use hand sanitizer? Hand sanitizer can be used by children under adult supervision. It is essential to keep it out of reach of young children to avoid ingestion.

4. Can I use hand sanitizer on surfaces other than hands? Hand sanitizers are designed for use on the skin and may not be suitable for other surfaces. It is best to use appropriate disinfectants for surfaces.

5. How long does homemade hand sanitizer last? Homemade hand sanitizer can last several months if stored in a sealed container and kept away from direct sunlight or extreme heat.

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